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Analysis of innovative technical solutions in the automotive industry, which brought commercial success

Andrew (Gabriel) Livshits

As noted in previous publications on innovative topics, trends reveal an innovative modification of internal combustion engines and vehicles, innovations that are actually used in automotive applications can not be attributed to what is a revolutionary technical solutions

This is consistent evolutionary changes in the construction of engines and cars themselves, which for the past several decades, provide a real commercial success
This trend persists even today:

... The organizers of the contest "World Car of 2011" published a list of the ten contenders for the title.

In the first place will be competing:

Audi A6 Sedan / Avant
Audi Q3
BMW 1-Series
BMW 3-Series
Chevrolet Volt / Opel Ampera
Citroen DS5
Ford Focus
Land Rover Evoque
Porsche 911
Volkswagen up!

Among the contenders for the title of the best sports car, the year included:

Audi RS 3 Sportback
BMW 1-Series M Coupe
Chevrolet Camaro ZL1
Ferrari FF
Lamborghini Aventador LP 700-4
McLaren MP4-12C
Mercedes-Benz CLS 63 AMG
Mercedes-Benz C63 Coupe AMG Black Series
Porsche 911

Three finalists in each category will be announced in March at the Motor Show in Geneva, and the winners will be called in April at the New York Auto Show.

Last year, the "World Car of the Year" was the electric trolley Nissan Leaf, which is the sum of expert assessments bypassed the other two finalists - sedans Audi A8 and the BMW 5-Series. "Sports car of the year" became convertible Ferrari 458 Italia, struggled for the title with the Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG and Porsche 911 Turbo.

The information on the technical characteristics of all vehicles - potential winners are not included are any revolutionary technical solutions

For completeness, let us turn to a similar competition last year

Here is information on his final:

As part of the Motor Show in New York was named the winner of "World Car of the Year" (World Car of the Year). They became electro-car Nissan Leaf, who managed to avoid total score of the other two finalists - sedans Audi A8 and the BMW 5-Series. It is worth noting that the earlier Nissan Leaf was also named best European car of the year.
In the category "sports car of the Year" winner is the car Ferrari 458 Italia, who fought for the title with the Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG and Porsche 911 Turbo. Last year in this category, won the model of Audi R8 V10, which was able to circumvent the voting results, Ferrari California and the Porsche 911 GT3.

The award for best design was awarded a large five-door hatchback Aston Martin Rapid. With him on the award claimed the Ferrari 458 Italia, Alfa Romeo Giulietta. In 2010, the most beautiful car was named the Chevrolet Camaro, won the title for Citroen C3 Picasso and Kia Soul.

In the category of "Green Car of the Year" won the hybrid sedan Chevrolet Volt, which had previously won the competition, "North American car of the year" and was voted best car American magazines Motor Trend and Automobile. In the first place, "Bolt" battled with cars Nissan Leaf and the BMW 320d Efficient Dynamics. Last year, in the same category won clean line of models concern Volkswagen, sold under the sub-brand Blue-Motion.

In 2010, the main prize of the contest "World Car of the Year" went to the new Volkswagen Polo, in 2009 - VW Golf, and in 2008 was declared the winner Hatchback Mazda2.

The organizers of the contest "World Car of the Year" (World Car of the Year) named finalists in four categories: car of the year, sports car, the "green" car of the year, and the most beautiful car. In the main category will compete for the victory of Audi A8, BMW 5-Series and electric Nissan Leaf.

In the category of sports cars WCOTY finalists were the Ferrari 458 Italia, Porsche 911 Turbo and Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG. For the victory in the category of "green" car, the diesel car will compete BNW 320d Effecient Dynamics, as well as two electric vehicle - Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt. It should be noted that the Leaf last year was voted car of the year in Europe, and the Volt was the best in the same competition held in North America.

In the design category WCOTY for the title fight will be the Ferrari 458 Italia, Aston Martin Rapid and the Alfa Romeo Giulietta.

The winners were announced on April 21 at the Auto Show in New York.

One year ago, "World Car of the Year" was the hatchback VW Polo, managed by a vote of the jury ahead of the Toyota Prius and Mercedes-Benz E-Class. Sports car, it was recognized coupe Audi R8 V10, a classification of "green" cars won clean line of cars Volkswagen Blue-Motion, and the prize for best design went to Chevrolet Camaro.

Before the final jury, "World Car of the Year" announced the ten contenders for the title. Among the finalists included: Audi A1 and A8, BMW 5-Series and X3, Jaguar XJ, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Nissan Leaf, Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG, Porsche Cayenne, and Volvo S60/V60.

In addition, the applicants were called for the best sports car in 2011. Among them are: Aston Martin Rapid, Audi RS5, Cadillac CTS-V Coupe, Ferrari 458 Italia, Lamborghini Gallardo Super-leggera, Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG/CL63 AMG and the SLS AMG, Porsche 911 GT2 RS and 911 Turbo, as well as the Renault Megan RS.

For the title of most beautiful cars will compete Aston Martin Rapid, Audi A7, Citroen DS3, Ferrari 458 Italia, Honda CR-Z, Kia Sportage and Nissan Juke. In addition, the jury will select the most "green" car. Among the contenders for the title are BMW 320ed, Chevrolet Volt, Hyundai Sonata Hybrid, Mercedes-Benz B-Class F-Cell, Nissan Leaf and electric Smart Fortwo ED.

Three finalists in each category will be selected by the jury in March - they will be called at the Geneva Motor Show. Winners in all categories will be announced April 21 in the showroom in New York.

In the past year as "World Car of the Year" was named the hatchback VW Polo, managed by a vote of the jury ahead of the Toyota Prius and Mercedes-Benz E-Class.

And yet the weather in the automotive market make production cars of mass demand, not specifically involved in various prestigious competitions and are the result of painstaking evolution of professional innovative designs and conceptual solutions
What are these cars?

U.S. Agency for 24/7 Wall St. published a list of the ten best selling cars in the world in the history of the automobile industry. The rating, based on official records of automakers, were completely different cars, but they all have something in common, and.
First, almost all models from the list of "most-most" sold and sold until now around the world. And some - also available on several continents. Second, most of these models went on sale in the 70s of last century, when European fuel prices were not so high as now, and contrary to the U.S. broke a serious fuel crisis, which led to a growing interest of Americans to compact models. But most importantly, most of the models presented in the ranking of the most fully satisfy the requirements of their time to customer, and some of them successfully make it to this day.

Toyota Corolla (1966 - present)

Sold Out: 37.5 million cars
Average price: 16.1 thousand dollars
The model Toyota Corolla, deservingly in many countries the image of cheap economy car, survived for 10 generations to shift - now the Japanese are selling the 11-th version of the sedan. First, the car became popular at home - due to their small size and low fuel consumption. Later, these qualities helped the "Corolla" to gain a foothold in the U.S. market, and in the late 2000s, Japanese sedan has won the minds and Russian buyers, largely due to imports into the country a large number of used cars. As a result, in 2009, the most common model of cars on Russian roads was just "Corolla."
As a result of 2011 in the Russian market of new cars, "Corolla" took only 22th place, while in the U.S. car remained stable in the top ten.

Ford F-Series (1948 - present)

Sold: 35 million cars
Average price: 23 000 USD
Family Ford F-Series for the past 35 years, holds the title of the most popular pickup truck in the U.S.. Of these 30 years, he is also a best-selling car in America in the absolute. Hinder the success of Ford pickup truck could neither competitors in the form of Dodge Ram, Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra, or the ever-increasing fuel prices. According to experts, the popularity of this model due to its flexibility (pick-up in America like to both farmers and urban residents), as well as a broad line and engine modifications to suit every taste. And, of course, for any purse: the most affordable Ford F-Series in the U.S. can be bought for 23,000 dollars, while prices for top-end versions reach up to 63 thousand dollars.

Volkswagen Golf (1974 - present)

Sold Out: 27.5 million cars
Average price: 18 000 USD
The model was originally conceived as a successor to the cult VW Beetle, eventually became almost more famous than the "Beetle" and gave its name to a whole class of machines. My name - "Golf", by which he sold in Europe - the car was in honor of the Atlantic Gulf Stream. In the USA and Canada models appeared almost immediately after the European premiere, but in the New World, she was known by the name Rabbit, a novelty in Latin America was renamed the VW Cariba. That's "Golf" is one of the key products for Volkswagen and helped the German automaker to enter the world's three largest automakers. And even now, as early as the sixth generation, it still remains a major European bestseller.

Volkswagen Beetle (1933 - present)

Sold Out: 23.5 million cars
Average price: 19.8 thousand dollars
VW Beetle was the first "Volkswagen" - "people's car", which was developed with an eye to the needs of the average German family 30-ies. The car, designed by Ferdinand Porsche worked, got an unusual rear-linking, but an interesting design and low fuel consumption "baby", which with a strong desire could accommodate two adults and two small children, made of an attractive new purchase. Later, the same qualities of "Bug" helped him win the first U.S., and then Latin America, where the Beetle was produced until recently

Ford Escort (1968 - 2000)

Sold: 20 million cars
Average price: 12 000 USD
Compact (by American standards), Ford Escort car was created for the European market: the story of his success began with his debut in England. It was a response to "continental" automakers in the small model of "Volkswagen", "Fiat" and "Reno." The car turned a simple and inexpensive to maintain, that allowed him to gain popularity among European consumers. In 1981, the "Ford" has decided to withdraw Escort model to the U.S. market, but is sold under that name another model, not having a "European" nothing in common. But even so, in the New World "Escort" and could not repeat the European success - has not helped any affiliation "native" to every American brand, cost and availability of any engine, at that time, too, was considered an advantage.
As a result, the model went through five changes of generations, and in 2000 the "Escort" appeared successful successor - Ford Focus.

Honda Civic (1972 - present)

Sold Out: 18.5 million cars
Average price: 15.6 thousand dollars
Before the advent of "Civic" in light of Honda's known primarily as a manufacturer of motorcycles. Now the Honda Civic is one of the most popular cars in the U.S.. The Japanese automaker has sought to make all nine generations of this model is inexpensive (at least in America), attractive looks and the most cost-effective: the United States, "Civic" is available even with a hybrid power plant.
In Europe, the Civic enjoyed moderate demand, which, however, did not prevent the "Honda" expand its production in the UK.

Honda Accord (1976 - present)

Sold Out: 17.5 million cars
Average price: 21.4 thousand dollars
The history of mid-sized sedan Honda Accord began with the Japanese market, but a really popular this car was in the U.S.. At the local market, he appeared at the very moment when fuel prices began to rise and the U.S. market, sedans filled with bulky motors needed more economical model. Therefore, the "Accord" with the two-liter engine went well under the new tastes of buyers. Later Accord became the first Japanese model, production of which has been established in the U.S., and now an American sedan has little in common with their European or Japanese counterparts.
In 2011, the car took sixth place in sales in the U.S..

Volkswagen Passat (1973 - present)

Sold Out: 15.5 million cars
Average price: 20 000 USD
Volkswagen Passat Sedan is known primarily from the fact that there is nothing that makes it special. Not very expressive looks, well-built and high quality interior, and an adequate choice of engines, transmissions and equipment options - it's all about him. However, the "Passat" absolutely recognizable and respected in any country and hence enjoys stable demand in the U.S. and Europe and, of course, in China. Although more young and bright "Accord" in this ranking, he still lost.

Chevrolet Impala (1958 - present)

Sold: 14 million cars
Average price: 25.8 thousand dollars
"Impala" first appeared in the form of two-door coupe and roadster, and thanks to eight-cylinder motor has become a good alternative to the classic sports car. However, the story became much more prosaic four-door sedan Chevrolet Impala, which appeared in the early 1960s. He was created in order to attract new buyers of family, for whom the presence of rear doors have been fundamental. As a result, the roadster stayed on the line just before 1976, and the coupe - until 1985. But the sedan is available to this day. Currently sold in America ninth generation "Impalas", and in 2014 will be the tenth generation.

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