Andrew ( Gabriel ) Livshits
Technical creativity and its highest manifestation - inventive activity aimed at creating original self-sufficient technical solutions - which became the foundation of effective inventions claimed by society requires a tremendous work and creative impulse, time-consuming disproportionate to the time spent in only the technical or technological components of any project , and more - innovative project
In today's market , where the final stage of the real use of the invention can only be a product for which there is strong demand , the practical reality for inventors is the need of cooperation with experts on complex commercialization of innovations
As the practice of the last decade , the most successful in commercial terms are technical solutions that focus not on already available and understandable to the consumer demand , and forming a new , unusual , not previously known demand
Since these are usually integrative and comprehensive technical solutions and state of the art technology is constantly growing, following the laws , tenets and principles of TRIZ and ARIZ requires constant comparison with the existing provisions of the newly arisen circumstances
And even after realizing the need for a system modification and optimization of the ideological, and the payment of technical and technological base of the multi-stage collaboration between the generators of ideas - technical and innovative interpreters of global and sometimes even abstract ideas into real solved and implemented technical solutions , after realizing the need for deeper cooperation with specialists commercialization of new technological ideas and solutions that are specific , but in principle it is the strategic issues that can only solve the inventor , best understands and knows the features of his invention
It seems to me that just to help inventors in the identification and understanding of the capabilities and features of their inventions , TRIZ and ARIZ adaptation to modern conditions can give all the necessary analytical tools
The opening of new markets, both internal and external , and the development of the economic organization of the craft shop and factory to such concerns as US Steel, illustrates the same process of economic mutation - if I may use biological term - that incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within ... , destroying the old structure and creating a new one.
This process of " creative destruction " is the very essence of capitalism. It has to be part of every capitalist concern ...
The behavior of an enterprise should be assessed only against the background of the overall process , in the context generated by this situation. Necessary to clarify its role in the constant stream of "creative destruction ", it is impossible to understand this thread ...
In the present readers of the future series of articles , the author set out to link the future of the commercialization of any invention with the initial stages of work on its creation , especially in the stages of idea generation
The inventor , the process of forming the basic ideas and principles of the invention, the creation of the future , even without knowing the principles of TRIZ and ARIZ , he wants it or not use them , even intuitively
At the same time , TRIZ and ARIZ in their historical and classical version does not help the inventor determine the estimated commercial value of his future inventions
In contrast to the unique , multiple -proven techniques and principles of the laws of technical systems , which are basic for TRIZ and ARIZ methods of commercialization and analyze the potential of inventions - as commercial products does not have a systematic theoretical framework
Recently, a number of publications in which recommendations are made to commercialize and on this basis that the decision to use one of them, which would , in the first inventors to -date information , which they can , if desired, to adapt to the technical features and benefits of his invention , and that the particularly important in the second , to show one of the possible versions of the principles and practice of action showing how to modify and adjust the specifications and parameters of the future development of innovative depending on market requirements
Given the conditions and possible restrictions formed features of the innovation process in the mode of economic globalization , we can assume that it is the systemic elements of the unification of innovative products at the component level can help to gradually form a library of components , sub-assemblies and the basic details of which inventors can build technological embodiment of their ideas
It seems to me that the inclusion of the possible requirements of the market will allow generating step of innovative ideas , to form a technical description of a new product , which will contribute to a more confident and economically advantageous implementation of innovation, but also in case if the score generated by the commercial importance of the idea of a short, abandon the idea and pay attention to anything else , or by modulating the return and unification idea in economically advantaged
In his articles on TRIZ and ARIZ I had to repeatedly emphasize that most inventions that are created are now integrative , as in any modern efficient solutions and present digital control system and composite materials and nano- coatings and various integrative combinations, such as , - a program , a system , method and apparatus
For complex , combined and integrated systems , the principles of system analysis of their commercial value has yet to formulate and publish information about the methods , procedures and working patterns of commercialization, this will help inventors working today in the field of innovation projects
However, there are many examples of how the structure and system of the modern large enterprise eliminates the innovative projects and focus on , as it seems at the time of making the most effective and innovative ideas , often leaving behind no less effective solutions , inventors and authors receive ( and often wrongly ) serious psychological trauma
Very important in this systematic approach to the integrated , balanced formation of such an innovative technical solution or bound by a single innovative idea of integrative group of local Unified innovative ideas
The systems approach is a reflection and development of dialectical principles of " universal interconnection " and " development" and , in fact , is one of the principles of the dialectical method of cognition.
The methodology of the systems approach involves representation of any object in the form of a system and its comprehensive review.
2 . System - a complex of elements , naturally organized in space and time , interconnected and form a definite integral unity . The system is characterized by elements of the composition , structure, and performs a specific function.
3 . Elements - this is a relatively indivisible part of the whole , objects that collectively form a system . An item is considered indivisible within the conservation of a particular quality system.
4 . Structure - a natural stable relationship between the elements of the system that reflects the shape , the way the elements and nature of the interaction between the parties and their properties.
The structure makes the system defined by a certain qualitatively different from the sum of qualities of its constituent elements (b.p. involves the interaction elements with each other in different ways, only certain aspects , features and not as a whole. )
5 . Function - the outward manifestation of the properties of an object ( element) in the system of relations , a certain way of object interaction with the environment, the "ability " of the object . Systems have many features.
6. Subsystem ( subsystem ) - part of the system , representing some arbitrary or naturally selected group of elements. Isolation of the subsystems on a functional basis .
One element can sometimes coincide with a subsystem or go to several different subsystems.
The connection between the elements within the subsystems within the system , and different from that of communication between the subsystems themselves . Elements and subsystems combine the concept of system components .
7. Super-system ( meta- ) - a system of higher order with respect to this , and in which the system operates and is inscribed " the rights " of the subsystem.
8. Technical system (TS ) is a man-made material unity naturally organized in space and time and are in the concatenation of elements , aiming to meet some of its functioning social need . Elements of vehicles can be both artificial and natural .
Any vehicle comes in two systems of relations . On the one hand - this is the object of the material world , obeying the laws of nature (especially the laws of physics as the most common ) , on the other hand, the vehicle acts as an element of social relations , because the technology is only a tool for social purposes.
If the vehicle is characterized by the spatial arrangement of elements, the vehicle - a device or substance . If the vehicle is characterized by the organization of elements in time - dealing with the process .
The concept vehicle allows us to formulate the main feature of technical solutions (TP) : TP specifies a particular vehicle , the operation of which can reach the set goal , ie, the ratio of TC indicates to some purpose .
From the standpoint of systems engineering vehicle can be written as :
ENTRY - PROCESSOR - EXIT .
The processor provides input to the conversion yield and at the same time a component ( constant) input.
INPUT and OUTPUT - reflect the interaction with the environment . From a physical point of view on the output and input of the TC has space, time, mass, energy and information.
On the socio- technical point of view on the input we have "needs" TC - cost to society for its creation , and output - "ability" TC , most of which are functions of the system.
Speaking in the form of action function TC unity determine the composition and structure of the system indicate that the vehicle can do: move in space to carry out heating to resist wind action .
The other " power" describe how to perform these steps: reliability, maintainability , etc. For each function in the vehicle can select the appropriate subsystem.
9. Useful Functions (PF ) is the function corresponding to the purpose of characterizing the most important components of useful outputs . In reality, not all of the TC output is useful.
The usefulness of a particular part of the TC output can be determined only with the social positions . Useful are the " power" TC , consistent with its intended purpose , ie, the public needs at the level of meta .
The other abilities may be useless or harmful , and harmful is the fact that actively interfere with useful " skills " such as by breaking TS elements , etc.