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Improving of the energy efficiency of the boiler through innovative pre-treatment systems and all types of fuel injection, as well as fuel blends

2013-03-26
Andrew (Gabriel) Livshits

Actively introduced in recent years, technologies for extracting shale gas and shale oil have allowed many countries to gradually get rid of the energy dependence

But in order to secure the success of the need for new innovative technologies for training effective fuel and fuel mixtures

Further, in a concise manner, bring about this kind of technology

1. Preliminary training LIQUID fuel mixture to the combustion chambers of boilers using the method of activating COMPLEX BY
Hydrodynamic and aerodynamic effects

1.1. Diesel fuel is supplied to the device to activate the regular fuel line pressure is 2 - 2.5 atmosphere;
1.2. Shape of the cross section of the flow of diesel fuel is transformed from a circle to a circular cross section, a form of cross-section increases the contact area with the flow of the unit at about 2.5 times in the same proportion to raise the turbulent flow characteristics;
1.3. While moving the device to activate the flow is divided into a number of equally spaced channels in micro-flows which are accelerated to high line speeds and acquire advanced turbulence characteristics;
1.4. After this 12 micro-flows transformed into a conical ring-expanding flow, due to its high speed, forming an annular zone of a local vacuum into which the water is drawn through the numerous capillary channels related to capacity with water, under the influence of Bernoulli effect, water and diesel fuel efficiently and uniformly mixed to the state of a homogeneous emulsion;
1.5. In the same local annulus pressure of 20 atmospheres introduced speed flow of air, significantly increasing the level of turbulence in the flow of the emulsion and form a set of air bubbles, at the same time due to the high viscosity of diesel fuel, crusts of emulsion bubbles under pressure flow diesel fuel and compressed air stream turn into a homogenous foam, which is stored in the output section of the device to activate the fuel mixture and then sent to the combustion chamber;

2. INITIAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS The combustion chamber boilers using liquid fuel mixture BASED DIESEL

2.1. Known advantages of the combustion chamber and the fuel system boiler

2.1.1. Large capacity heat releases with compact robust flame geometry
2.1.2. Fuel flexible
2.1.3. Optimal fuel efficiency with intelligent ratio control
2.1.4. Multi ratio mixing to guarantee best fuel mixture homogeneity

2.2. DERIVATIVE BENEFITS combustion chamber and fuel system boiler

2.2.1. Fuel efficiency
2.2.2. Uniform heat over the entire front of the flame
2.2.3. The high rate of combustion
2.2.4. Low concentrations of toxic substances in the exhaust gases

3. Advantages for the process of combustion in the combustion chamber boiler, using liquid fuel mixture, activated at the use of aerodynamic and hydrodynamic effects

3.1. When activated, diesel fuel in the first stage efficiently and uniformly mixed with deionized water or synthetic;
3.2. Mixing ratios are 15% water to 85% of diesel fuel;
3.3. In the second stage of activation, the resulting mixture of diesel fuel and water is mixed with compressed air, which is fed into the activation pressure of 20 atmospheres;
3.4. Mixing diesel fuel with compressed air is done using the Bernoulli effect
3.5. When mixing the images of the set fuel mixture bubbles formed by air bubble diameter 0.05 mm and a shell of an emulsion of diesel fuel and water, as thick as 0.02 millimeter;
3.6. Bubbles are evenly distributed in terms of activating the device camera to activate;
3.7. When injected into the combustion chamber, the internal pressure in the bubbles of air bubbles on the membrane breaks at least seven parts, and given the size of the bubbles to break the shells, particle size not exceeding 0.08 mm, which determines the state of the fuel mixture in the combustion chamber of the boiler, as a homogeneous, fine with high kinetic energy and high speed of the random motions of the particles in the combustion zone;
3.8. The state of the fuel mixture provides:

  • Larger than normal fuel at about 1.75 times the surface area of the burning;
  • High rate of combustion;
  • Heat of combustion;
  • Stable geometry of the flame;
  • High speed of propagation of the flame front;
  • The temperature uniformity over the entire volume of the flame;
  • Uniform heat transfer from the entire surface of the flame;
  • Reduction of the fuel mixture of 15%;
  • Decrease in the concentration of toxic gases in the exhaust;
  • Increasing stability and reducing fluctuations in the flame of fire;
  • Additional heat from the dissolved hydrogen in diesel air - to 2.1% by weight of the air supplied to the device to activate the fuel mixture;

3.9. Application of the device to activate the fuel mixture allows for full remote control of the activation process and fully automated control of the combustion process and fully automated process control parameter adjustment of combustion;


4. Preliminary training GASEOUS fuel mixture to the combustion chambers of boilers using the method of activating COMPLEX BY Vortex and aerodynamic effects

4.1. Natural gas is supplied to a spherical swirl where the spherical channel gas flow is accelerated and forms a vacuum in the local area which draws air that enters the system is uniformly distributed around the circumference of concentric spherical swirl channels, in turn, related to the vortex chamber, which serves compressed to 0.8 atmospheric air;
4.2. Gas-fuel mixture in the mixing chamber, forming effect Bernoulli, takes the development of turbulence structure in which air ions are evenly distributed between the ions of natural gas;

5. INITIAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS The combustion chamber boiler, uses gaseous fuel mixtures based on natural gas

5.1. Known advantages of the combustion chamber and the fuel system boiler

5.1.1. Large capacity heat releases with compact robust flame geometry
5.1.2. Fuel flexible
5.1.3. Optimal fuel efficiency with intelligent ratio control
5.1.4. Multi ratio mixing to guarantee best fuel mixture homogeneity

5.2. DERIVATIVE BENEFITS combustion chamber and fuel system boiler

5.2.1. Fuel efficiency
5.2.2. Uniform heat over the entire front of the flame
5.2.3. The high rate of combustion
5.2.4. Low concentrations of toxic substances in the exhaust gases

6. Advantages for the process of combustion in the combustion chamber boiler, IF using gaseous fuel mixture, activated by Vortex and aerodynamic effects

6.1. Due to the properties, which takes gas fuel mixture, then swirl and aerodynamic mixing and activation, the process of burning the mixture has the following advantages over conventional fuel gas mixtures:

  • A higher combustion temperature due to the presence of uniformly distributed among the natural gas air;
  • High uniformity of mixing natural gas with air at normal pressure level of both natural gas and air;
  • Greater uniformity of combustion, thanks to the uniformity of mixing gas and air at high turbulence two streams;
  • Higher rate of burning due to the high turbulence of a mixture of natural gas and air;
  • Higher speed of propagation of the combustion front, thanks to the uniform distribution of air in the volume of the gas fuel mixture;
  • Reduce the consumption of natural gas in the combustion process in the range of 10 to 15%;
  • More uniform transmission of temperature throughout the volume of the combustion flame;
  • Reduction of the pulsating flame instability due to the high uniformity of mixing;
  • Additional energy from the combustion of the hydrogen contained in the air, mixed with natural gas;
  • The possibility of automated process control of mixing, mixing ratio and adjusting the level of turbulence in the volume of the fuel gas mixture;


7. ADDITIONAL FEATURES Activating LIQUID FUEL MIXTURE FOR USE in the combustion chamber boiler

7.1. The possibility of a turbulent homogeneous mixing of several components in addition to diesel fuel;
7.2. Possibility of heating the activated fuel mixture;
7.3. The ability to process in a magnetic field is activated the fuel mixture before it enters the combustion chamber;

8. ADDITIONAL FEATURES Activating GASEOUS FUEL MIXTURE FOR USE in the combustion chamber boiler

8.1. The ability to enter into the vortex chamber several gas components;

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