To main page | E-mail us | Serach our site phone (063) 620-06-88 (other) Укр | Рус | Eng   
In the U.S. copyright industries creates 5% of GDP, and intellectual property is the main export
  news  ·  articles  ·  services  ·  info  ·  questions & answers  ·  about Yaroslav Vashchuk  ·  contact for site: 
×
If you see any mistype or mistake in any our site's texts, select those
text (whole or part of sentence/paragraph) and press Ctrl+Enter to inform us about it.
×

Innovative modification of fuel for diesel engines, and other thermodynamic devices that use diesel fuel (continued, part three - fuel mixtures based ethanol)

2012-12-04
Andrew (Gabriel) Livshits

The most effective means of modifying the fuel for diesel engines is the dynamic homogenization combined with a duty cycle for homogenous mixing with ethanol
If there are a lot of simple mixing method and apparatus, the mixing combined with the homogenization of the cycle can be described as innovative and, as a result, as one of the most effective
I propose to consider the characteristics of the dynamic homogenization of liquid hydrocarbon fuel blends, which is the basic component of diesel fuel
Cooking fuel blends of diesel and ethanol is very difficult because of the large difference in the viscosity of the material
Dynamic homogenization fuel mixtures can make high-quality and homogeneous mixture of diesel and ethanol for a second, directly in the pipeline and in any desired proportions
Dynamic homogenization in diesel engines that use as fuel mixture of diesel fuel and ethanol, is mounted between the fuel pump and high pressure pump diesel engine
During the passage of the fuel mixture in which the water in the ethanol, separated from the hydrocarbon composition of the mixture through a dynamic homogenization occurs in the flow of the level of turbulence, and then in the high-pressure pump is the completion of the dynamic process of homogenization in the volume and the size factor in a three-dimensional coordinate system
In the process of homogenization of the water in the form of micro-droplets are homogeneously distributed in the volume of the hydrocarbon mixture of fuel and then said mixture is transformed into a micro-or nano-emulsion
According to the results of the test emulsion prepared using the Dynamic homogenization, the soot concentration in the exhaust gases is reduced by 97%, and the level and speed of implementation of heat is increased by at least 35%
For the installation of the Dynamic homogenization on the diesel engine does not require any additional elements of the original and the engine itself is not required to make any design changes
Situation which develops intellectual property on this and similar technologies require further attention, since so many companies are constantly looking for an opportunity to seize them
Since these developments are mostly small companies that do not have available funds on lawyers and court costs, you should pay particular attention to the safety of their technological secrets
Hamburg counterintelligence Manfred Murka encourages small businesses to stay alert, writes Die Welt. In the industrial espionage of all good, from interns to send controlled flash drives, he said.

"The risk of industrial espionage exists, but it does not affect all companies equally - warns Murka. - Often small and medium-sized enterprises, as opposed to large corporations, do not have the resources to maintain their own security." Of greatest interest, according to counter-intelligence, intelligence manifest in companies related to energy, defense, and information technology.

"We know of many cases in which foreign intelligence or competitors spying on German companies, including those in Hamburg. Sometimes spyware can enter the company as a trainee, sometimes recruiting intelligence officer, or blackmailing him, or offering money - said Murka. - More only succeed in this endeavor, Russians, Chinese and Iranians. "

More important, in his opinion, gets IT-sphere - with malicious software that is installed, for example, during the passage of control at the airport, or controlled by a flash drive, you can access the information network of the enterprise.

To be safe, Murka advises immediately identify the persons who have access to sensitive information - so-called "pearls of" typically 5-10% of all the know-how of the company. Also, employees should not store important information during a trip abroad on their laptops.

On assurance expert, industrial espionage causes annual German economy billions of dollars damage.
In the future I will try to provide security technology protection encoding media, allowing for minimal cost to keep sensitive information

We return to the fuel mixtures containing ethanol

Complex dynamic homogenization of liquid hydrocarbon fuel blends core component of which is the heavy fuel oil
The larger diesel engine, the more fuel it consumes heavy
Besides heavy fuel consumed variety in purpose and type of thermodynamic devices such as - type boilers
Mixing fuel from heavy oil and ethanol is extremely difficult because of the large difference in the viscosity of the material
Dynamic homogenization fuel mixtures can make high-quality and homogeneous mixture of heavy fuel oil and ethanol for a second, directly in the pipeline and in any desired proportions
Dynamic homogenization in the heavy-duty diesel engines using as fuel a mixture of heavy oil and ethanol or a mixture of heavy fuel oil and methanol, is mounted between the fuel pump and high pressure pump motor (if any), or after the fuel pump and before commissioning combustion boiler burners, if the high pressure pump is not part of the engine, the Dynamic homogenization installed in the fuel line after the fuel pump
During the passage of the fuel mixture which was separated from the water or heavy fuel oil or formed clumps of heavy oil through dynamic homogenization occurs in the flow of the level of turbulence, and then in the high pressure pump or the nozzle is the completion of the dynamic volume and homogenization in the size factor in a three-dimensional coordinate system
In the process of homogenization of the water in the form of micro-droplets are homogeneously distributed in the volume of the hydrocarbon mixture of heavy oil and then said mixture is transformed into a micro-or nano-emulsion
According to the results of the test emulsion prepared using the Dynamic homogenization, the soot concentration in the exhaust gases is reduced by 97%, and the level and speed of implementation of heat is increased by at least 35%
For the installation of the Dynamic homogenization on the engine, is used as fuel heavy fuel oil, requires no additional elements of the original and the engine itself is not required to make any design changes

Dynamic homogenization of hydrocarbon fuel blends basic component of which is oil, uniformly mixed with ethanol

Mixing fuel from fuel oil and ethanol is very difficult because of the large difference in the viscosity of the material and because of the heterogeneity of fuel oil, usually containing more water and
Dynamic homogenization fuel mixtures can make high-quality and homogeneous mixture of fuel oil and ethanol for a second, directly in the pipeline and in any desired proportions
In the case of a particularly high level of heterogeneity of fuel oil, constructive simplicity of the system allows its use gradually to form a gradual (step) sequential circuit mixing fuel based on oil
Dynamic homogenization in large engines using as a fuel mixture of fuel oil and ethanol, is mounted between the fuel pump and the subsequent element of the engine fuel system
During the passage of the fuel mixture in which water is separated from the oil, or in which the flow of fuel oil formed clumps and lumps through dynamic homogenization homogenization occurs in the flow of the level of turbulence, then the nozzle or in the injector is the completion of the dynamic homogenization in volume and in size factor of the particles and droplets of the fuel mixture in a three-dimensional coordinate system
In the process of homogenization of the water in the form of micro-droplets are homogeneously distributed in the volume of the hydrocarbon mixture of fuel and then said mixture is transformed into a micro-or nano-emulsion
According to the results of the test emulsion prepared using the Dynamic homogenization, the soot concentration in the exhaust gases is reduced by 97%, and the level and speed of implementation of heat is increased by at least 35%
For the installation of the Dynamic homogenization on the engines or on the boiler does not require any additional elements of the original and the engine itself is not required to make any design changes
As soon as it is possible due to improvements in technology to get more or less stable mixture, there is a tweaked version of the mixture of centralized training in specialized enterprises

Preparation of hydrocarbon fuel blends and emulsions in specialized refineries has some technological features

At refineries system for dynamic homogenization of hydrocarbon liquids should include high-pressure pump operating on the principle of high pressure pump diesel engine
Said integrated system can be used as a blending component blended fuel pump or a recirculation system provides the fuel mixture in the tanks to store it
Installation of such systems can be made to use equipment without modifications or upgrades, but in this case, the system should include pumps for mixing in
One option of the Dynamic homogenization in refineries is the option to generate the fuel mixture when applying components of the fuel mix in transport tank; Since cooking fuel mixture in the system of a split second, mixing feeding into a transport tank, allows the company does not have special storage tanks for fuel mixture
Features of preparation of hydrocarbon fuel blends at gas stations
At refueling system for dynamic homogenization of hydrocarbon liquids should include high-pressure pump operating on the principle of high pressure pump diesel engine
Said integrated system can be used as a blending component blended fuel pump or a recirculation system provides the fuel mixture in the tanks to store it
Installation of such systems can be made to use equipment without modifications or upgrades, but in this case, the system should include pumps for mixing in
One option of the Dynamic homogenization at gas stations is the option to generate the fuel mixture when applying components of the fuel mixture directly into the fuel tank of a car or other vehicle; Since cooking fuel mixture in the system of a split second, mixing in the feeding tank vehicle , lets not be in the company of special containers to store fuel mixture
What more planned for innovative solutions for engines which are already in operation
Preparation of hydrocarbon fuel mixtures in the system dynamic homogenization, mounted directly in an internal combustion engine

In the event that a vehicle may be an additional tank for the second component of the fuel mixture, mixing fuel can lead Dynamic homogenization directly in the fuel line
The possibility of such an option tested in a production diesel engine, and the result of this test (produce fuel emulsion water in oil, emulsified diesel fuel that is plain tap water)
As a result of the use of an emulsion concentration of soot in the exhaust gas decreased by 97% (mixing ratios in the emulsion - 20% water, 80% diesel)
Installation of the system dynamic homogenization on the internal combustion engine in its manufacture in the trade
For the installation of the Dynamic homogenization for new production internal combustion engine does not require any new elements to the design of the engine
In the fuel pipeline after the fuel pump system is introduced, the output of which is attached to the pump start-up of high pressure or in his absence, to be put into the feature following the fuel pump
Installation of the system dynamic homogenization of hydrocarbon fuel mixtures and liquid hydrocarbon fuel to an internal combustion engine, which has been in operation
For the installation of the Dynamic homogenization repaired or modified internal combustion engine does not require any new elements to the design of the engine
In the fuel pipeline after the fuel pump system is introduced, the output of which is attached to the pump start-up of high pressure or in his absence, to be put into the feature following the fuel pump

The figure shows an axial section of the typical device for dynamic homogenizing, mixing and activation of fuel blends
At the exit of the device shown magnetic resonance sensor, designed to determine the integral index of quality of the mixture

This figure shows a modification of the available technologies for gasoline engines

This figure shows an axial section of integrative vortex carb combining device for dynamic homogenization and mixing fuel mixture and a series of successive vortex generators

... to be continued ...

useful info? Press:




more articles...
© Yaroslav Vashchuk, 2003-2011
in case of using site's information, referring links to us are necessary
[pageinfo]
сайты Хмельницкого bigmir)net TOP 100