Andrew (Gabriel) Livshits
31.Primenenie porous materials
• implement an object porous or use additional porous elements (inserts, coatings, etc.);
• If the object is made porous by filling the pores of some substance.
To begin with, the technical and technological method of porous structures innovative facility is widely used to the fact that to make the necessary properties of the object
Very often there is a necessity of modern developments in the formation of pseudo - porous materials that after receiving psevdoporistosti acquire quality properties of the composite material
As an example, cite the following invention:
United States Patent Application 20120040166
Kind Code A1
Livschits; Gabreal; et al. February 16, 2012
Composite Material, Method of Manufacturing and Device for Moldable Calibration
Composite materials and methods and systems for their manufacture are provided. According to one aspect, a composite material includes a collection of molded together multilayer capsules, each capsule originally formed of a core and shell. The shell, after a plastic deformation process, forms a pseudo-porous structure, with pores locations containing the capsule cores. The cores are made of a material, eg, synthetic diamond, which is harder than the external shell, which can be formed of, eg, a ductile metal such as copper. The composite material has high thermal and / or electrical conductivity and / or dissipation.
The porous material does not always have to be hard
He may be a liquid, such as an emulsion, water-in-oil;
In such an emulsion in cavitation breaks the flow of oil or, for example, diesel fuel, water droplets are introduced, that is, oral or pores are filled with what that substance - water
United States Patent Application 20120085428
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. April 12, 2012
EMULSION, APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC PREPARATION
The invention relates to a fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a system for producing an aerated fluid composite therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners or combustion chambers and the like. The invention also relates to an emulsion, an apparatus for producing an emulsion, a system for producing an emulsion with the apparatus for producing the emulsion, a method for producing a dynamic preparation with the emulsion, and more specifically to a new type of a stable liquid / liquid emulsion in the field of colloidal chemistry, such as a water / fuel or fuel / fuel emulsion for all spheres of industry.
The same principle in modified form can be used in the most unusual technical solutions are on the cutting edge of technological progress
Here is an example of integrative solutions:
Scientific Research Laboratory (NRL) The U.S. Navy plans to develop a rotation or spin, detonation engine (Rotating Detonation Engine, RDE), which in the future will be able to replace the conventional gas turbine ship propulsion. As the NRL, the new engines will allow the military to reduce fuel consumption while improving the energy out of power plants.
Currently, the U.S. Navy used 430 gas turbine engine (GTE) for 129 ships. Each year, they consume fuel at two billion dollars. According to the NRL, by RDE military can save on fuel up to 400 million dollars a year. RDE will produce ten percent more power than conventional CCD. RDE prototype has been created, however, when these engines will start to arrive in the Navy, is still unknown.
The basis of the RDE formed developments NRL, obtained by creating pulse detonation engine (Pulse Detonation Engine, PDE). The work of such power plants is based on a stable detonation fuel mixture.
In the case of pulsed detonation engine wave propagates in the fuel mixture faster than the speed of sound, during the chemical combustion of the mixture in the combustion chamber pressure is not time to change significantly, but then increases at times abruptly. After this, the expansion of the combustion products in the nozzle to form a jet. Last on the ships will rotate the blades of the gas turbine.
One of the advantages of detonation engine is warming the fuel mixture up to the passage of fire through her shock front. The subsequent fire fuel mixture also occurs in the mode of detonation, which helps to get a stable cycle of the engine. One of the obstacles a RDE is imperfect materials not able to provide a great resource of power plant.
In a rotary engine detonation, as opposed to the pulsating, rotating detonation wave is formed, it is as if "runs around" in a circle annular combustor. This principle allows to reduce noise power plant as a whole, to improve fuel efficiency (in particular, due to the lower fuel requirements for the initiation of a new cycle of the detonation), and achieve continuity of detonation - the previous cycle of explosive combustion does not prevent the next one.
RDE themselves can be designed with no moving parts, which ensures ease of maintenance and relatively low cost of production compared to conventional internal combustion engines of other types. RDE until you plan to use to upgrade power plants were already in service with the U.S. Navy ships.
It should be noted that in addition to the development of NRL rotating detonation engine deals with the University of Texas at Arlington. It creates propulsion engine called continuous detonation. New engines in the future can be used not only by ship but also by air.
• Change the color of the object or the environment;
• change the transparency of an object or environment.
If we extend this technique to follow the optics and optical storage, the use of this technique can find an explanation
If you follow the U.S. patent law, for example, the use of this method, in principle, contrary to the principles of non-obviousness of the technical solution, which provides the base of the invention
• objects that interact with the object, must be made of the same material (or close to it in properties).
This rule or taking quite contradictory and follow it in the development of the project is not just
Also, do not always understand - and that design wins in all, if blindly follow this rule?
34.Printsip garbage and recycling parts
• served their purpose, or when no longer part of the object must be discarded (solution, evaporated and so on) or modified directly in the course of work;
• consumable parts of an object must be restored immediately in the course of work.
This technique mozhnot attributed to the formation of free production facilities
Environmental security is now an extremely important aspect of any production process and the above technique, at least not contrary to common logic of constructing this production process
35.Izmenenie physical - chemical properties of the object
• change the physical state of the object;
• Change the concentration or consistency;
• Change the degree of flexibility;
• Change the temperature.
This technique is widely used and its field of application is constantly receiving new segments
As example of this invention include the following:
United States Patent Application 20060250934
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. November 9, 2006
Three dimensional optical information carrier and a method of manufacturing thereof
A three dimensional optical information carrier is presented. The information carrier comprises formatting marks disposed on the nodes of a three dimensional lattice formed by the intersection of equiangular spaced radial planes, equidistantly spaced cylindrical spiral tracks and virtual recording planes.
United States Patent Application 20080182060
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. July 31, 2008
Manufacturing of Multi-Plate For Improved Optical Storage
In accordance with the invention a new optical data carrier and methods for its production are provided. The optical data carrier of the invention is characterized in that different plates have different concentrations
36.Primenenie phase transitions
• use the phenomena occurring during phase transitions, such as volume change, release or absorption of heat, etc.
In modern production systems, especially in the thermodynamic, phase transitions are an integral part of the plant hierarchy
As an example, pre-mixing of fuel and air, in which the injection volume increases significantly and, thus, the injection and the expansion of the gas phase temperature decreases fuel mixture
37.Primenenie thermal expansion
• Use thermal expansion (or contraction) of materials;
• use multiple materials with different coefficients of thermal expansion.
This technique is most proimenim in modern measurement techniques and is quite relevant
38.Primenenie strong oxidizing
• replace normal air enriched;
• Replace enriched air with oxygen;
• use ozonated oxygen;
• Replace ozonized oxygen (or ionized) ozone.
This technique also remains relevant and widely used in various fields of engineering and technology
39.Primenenie inert environment
• replace conventional inert;
• carry out the process in a vacuum.
This technique is now extremely important for the semiconductor and microelectronics industry
For best results in micro-miniaturization all the processes are carried out in clean rooms, in an inert atmosphere or in a vacuum
That is, for any invention in these frontier areas, inert environment or vacuum chambers are required background that provides the required level of quality
40.Primenenie composite materials;
• move from homogeneous to composite materials.
As you know the replacement of one material to other invention is not recognized, itself a composite material is a topic or subject of the original invention, but very often, when an ordinary construction material changes to the composite product's features changed so that the product in which the composite is applied entirely new , unknown before, with all-new features and unusual technical characteristics
Of course, in order to make such a change is necessary to perform a scope of work that is comparable to the development of a radically new technology or a fundamentally new product and it is only by companies with strong research units
The integration of various technological trends in any modern innovation project often requires for perfect outcome apply composites is a new property, often in an extra special as
These new composite materials may be related to a secondary level of integration, such as if the invention of a new type of internal combustion engine, to obtain the ideal end result, for example in reducing the concentration of soot in the exhaust, instead of the traditionally accepted types of fuel, in the same form factor motor can be composite fuel used in a mixture consisting of, for example, gasoline, ethanol or an emulsion consisting of, for example, diesel fuel and water
Here is an example of an integrated technical solutions:
United States Patent Application 20110030827
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. February 10, 2011
FLUID COMPOSITE, DEVICE FOR PRODUCING THEREOF AND SYSTEM OF USE
The current disclosure relates to a new fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a method of production therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners, where the fluid composite after a stage of intense molecular between a controlled flow of a liquid such as fuel and a faster flow of compressed highly directional gas such as air results in the creation of a three dimensional matrix of small hallow spheres each made of a layer of fuel around a volume of pressurized gas. In an alternate embodiment, external conditions such as inline pressure warps the spherical cells into a network of oblong shape cells where pressurized air is used as part of the combustion process. In yet another embodiment, additional gas such as air is added via a second inlet to increase the proportion of oxidant to carburant as part of the mixture.
To be continued ....