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Bio-fuel composition, the threat of food crisis and innovative trends in solving the problems

2012-08-12
Andrew (Gabriel) Livshits

Ethanol producers are gradually achieved recognition on the part of consumers' efficiency of its blending with gasoline;

They played into the hands of a few important factors, most important of which is the limiting factor is tightening the requirements of standards for the concentration of nitrogen oxides and soot in the exhaust gases

It is known that the presence of a mixture of gasoline with ethanol, a minimum of 10% ethanol significantly reduces the concentration of contaminants, but also reduces the effective capacity of the engine

On the other hand the practical impossibility to completely eliminate the presence of water in ethanol, and today is the reluctance of engine manufacturers and insurance companies to accept the replacement of pure gasoline at a mixture of gasoline with ethanol

Since the feedstock for ethanol production in North America is corn, any fluctuations in demand for corn as an essential component in the structure of power and as a major component of feed for livestock, are fundamentally changing the situation in this critical sector of the energy balance

Slowly come up many negative aspects of the use of ethanol for mixing with gasoline

Further, only one example:

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) called on U.S. authorities to temporarily suspend production of biofuels (ethanol) because of the threat of food crisis, caused by extreme drought in the region. Under U.S. law, 40% of the crop goes to biofuels.

According to UN experts, the quota is too high.

The drought this year, the most severe in the last 50 years, destroyed most of the corn crop in the United States, provoking significant jump in prices for raw material itself and, therefore, made of his goods. According to FAO, but in July the price of corn in the U.S. rose by 23%.
According to the FAO Director-General Jos? Graziano da Silva, halting the production of biofuels could significantly reduce the impact of the crisis caused by the abnormal weather conditions in the country.

"This situation reminds us that even the most modern agricultural systems are subject to the vagaries of weather, leading to instability of food supplies and prices, not only domestically but also internationally," - said Jose Graziano da Silva.

But U.S. officials insist that the production of its own fuel is more profitable for the state than import it from neighboring countries. For example, U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack points out that the presence of its own biofuels have a positive impact on fuel prices in general.

"This is a positive effect on the cost of gasoline in the U.S.. By some estimates, the price of gas in some cases by 0.25 - 1.3 below the dollar due to the fact that we have a proper biofuel industry", - says the minister.

In addition, Tom Vilsack expressed concern about the fate of workers of the industry in case of suspension of production.

Meanwhile, the UN in their calls are not alone. U.S. livestock producers are also concerned about rising prices of animal feed and encourage not to spend nearly half the crop for fuel production. These calls have already joined the governments of China, India and France.

Meanwhile, in recent years, created innovative solutions that allowed by mixing fuel oil with water, to achieve much better results

Further, the basic invention, based on which set of preparation of emulsions of fuel and water (according to the principle of mixing the water-oil)

United States Patent Application 20120103306
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. May 3, 2012
________________________________________
ENGINE WITH INTEGRATED MIXING TECHNOLOGY

Abstract

The present disclosure generally relates to an engine with an integrated mixing of fluids (gas or liquid) device and associated technology for improvement of the efficiency of the engine, and more specifically to an engine equipped with a fuel mixing device for improvement of the overall properties of the system with an engine by either inline oxygenation of the liquid or dynamic activation of a fuel with a secondary fluid such as water resulting in a change in property of the input fluid to help with burning ratios, cooling for improved combustion, or the use of re-circulation of exhaust from the engine to further improve engine efficiency and reduce / recycle unwanted emissions or combustion releases such as water.

United States Patent Application 20120102736
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. May 3, 2012
________________________________________
MICRO-INJECTOR AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLY AND MOUNTING THEREOF

Abstract

The invention relates to a compact device for producing a composite mixture made of two or more fluids, and for aerating and energizing the composite and injecting it into a volume, and more specifically a micro-fuel injector mixing water, air, or any other types of fluid before it is injected into a volume such as a combustion chamber of an engine made of stackable mechanical elements, and the method of assembly and mounting thereof.

United States Patent Application 20120085428
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. April 12, 2012
________________________________________
EMULSION, APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC PREPARATION

Abstract

The invention relates to a fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a system for producing an aerated fluid composite therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners or combustion chambers and the like. The invention also relates to an emulsion, an apparatus for producing an emulsion, a system for producing an emulsion with the apparatus for producing the emulsion, a method for producing a dynamic preparation with the emulsion, and more specifically to a new type of a stable liquid / liquid emulsion in the field of colloidal chemistry, such as a water / fuel or fuel / fuel emulsion for all spheres of industry.

For natural gas, in spite of much better conditions of combustion, is also required to create a more favorable aerodynamic conditions that would increase the rate of flow of gas when applied to the nozzle of a gas burner or an internal combustion engine that uses gaseous fuel

Ironically, the prototype was taken laser technology:

Scientists were able to use the orbital angular momentum of light to seal a large amount of information transmitted by a laser beam.

The work was published in the journal Nature Photonics, and a brief description is contained in an editorial Science.

In the prototype of the experimental setup, which created the authors, the information transmitted through the air with a single monochromatic laser beam. Under these conditions, the engineers managed to achieve speeds of 2.56 terabits per second.
In order to achieve this density, the authors used 32 separate laser transmitter, which encode information using conventional amplitude modulation (ie light intensity).

Then, the light of each of the transmitters is in the process "twist" phase and was collected in a single beam. This beam is transmitted through the air, and the receiver, all procedures were repeated in reverse order. In this case, although the light transmitted monochromatic beam of a single, isolated in many ways twisted channels do not interfere with each other.

Twisting, which used the authors, not related to the radial or circular polarization. Is called polarized light, in which the vector electric or magnetic field varies mostly in one plane.

If this plane is not constant, but is rotated, then we speak of circular polarization.
Called the twisted light, which has no polarization (flat or round), and the so-called orbital angular momentum.

Ordinary light in a plane that is perpendicular to the beam direction, has the same phase. In light of the swirling waves with a lot of one phase is not a plane, and the spiral, twisted along the line. This spiral can be twisted with a different period (stronger or weaker).

Light, twisted with a different period can be spread in a beam without interfering with each other. This, as shown by the authors, can be used to create a separate data channels in a single beam.

The next invention provides methods of transfer speed of the light flux in the gaseous agents:

United States Patent Application 20110126462
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. June 2, 2011
________________________________________
Device for Producing a Gaseous Fuel Composite and System of Production Thereof

Abstract

The invention relates to a gaseous fuel composite, a device for producing the gaseous fuel composite, and subcomponents used as part of the device for producing the gaseous fuel composite, and more specifically, to a gaseous composite made of a gas fuel such as natural gas and its oxidant such as air for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners, combustion chambers, and the like. The device includes several vortex generators each with a curved aerodynamic channel amplifier to create a stream of air to aerate the gas as successive stages using both upward and rotational kinetic energy. Further, a vortex generator may have an axial channel with a conical shape or use different curved channel amplifiers to further create the gaseous fuel composite.

United States Patent Application 20110069579
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. March 24, 2011
________________________________________
FLUID MIXER WITH INTERNAL VORTEX

Abstract

The present disclosure generally relates to a fluid mixer, a system for mixing fluids utilizing the fluid mixer, and a method of mixing fluids using the fluid mixer or the system for mixing fluids, and more specifically, to a compact static mixing device with no moving parts and capable of mixing any fluid, such as air, nitrogen gas, water, oil, polluted water, and the like. A first pressurized, incoming fluid is accelerated locally by a section reduction, is split into streams, and then is released into a second fluid found in a closed volume or an open volume after a period of stabilization. The directed and controlled first fluid slides along an insert up to directional and angled fins at a vortex creator where suction forces from a self-initiating vortex in an internal cavity draws in at least part of the first fluid to fuel the vortex. The compactness and simplicity of the fluid mixer with internal vortex can be used alone within a closed volume in a conduit, in a sprayer, or within a fixed geometry to direct the mixing vortex to specific dimensions. One or more fluid mixers can also be used in an open volume such as a reservoir, a tank, a pool, or any other fluid body to conduct mixing. The technology alone, as part of a multi-mixer system, or as a method of mixing using the fluid mixer with internal vortex is contemplated to be used in any field where mixing occurs.
One of the most interesting innovations in this area is invented by the possibility of getting water to the emulsion from the engine exhaust
As an example, the following invention, which is regarded by experts as a pioneering and very promising, since eliminating the need for water in the tank, that in a modern car is a serious problem

United States Patent Application 20110056457
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. March 10, 2011
________________________________________
SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR CONDENSATION OF LIQUID FROM GAS AND METHOD OF COLLECTION OF LIQUID

Abstract

The present disclosure generally relates to an apparatus for the condensation of a liquid suspended in a gas, and more specifically, to an apparatus for the condensation of water from air with a geometry designed to emphasize adiabatic condensation of water using either the Joule-Thompson effect or the Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube effect or a combination of the two. Several embodiments are disclosed and include the use of a Livshits-Teichner generator to extract water and unburned hydrocarbons from exhaust of combustion engines, to collect potable water from exhaust of combustion engines, to use the vortex generation as an improved heat process mechanism, to mix gases and liquid fuel efficiently, and an improved Livshits-Teichner generator with baffles and external condensation.

United States Patent Application 20110048353
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. March 3, 2011
________________________________________
Engine with Integrated Mixing Technology

Abstract

The present disclosure generally relates to an engine with an integrated mixing of fluids device and associated technology for improvement of the efficiency of the engine, and more specifically to an engine equipped with a fuel mixing device for improvement of the overall properties by inline oxygenation of the liquid, a change in property of the liquid such as cooling form improved combustion, or the use of re-circulation of exhaust from the engine to further improve engine efficiency and reduce unwanted emissions.

United States Patent Application 20110030827
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. February 10, 2011
________________________________________
FLUID COMPOSITE, DEVICE FOR PRODUCING THEREOF AND SYSTEM OF USE

Abstract

The current disclosure relates to a new fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a method of production therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners, where the fluid composite after a stage of intense molecular between a controlled flow of a liquid such as fuel and a faster flow of compressed highly directional gas such as air results in the creation of a three dimensional matrix of small hallow spheres each made of a layer of fuel around a volume of pressurized gas. In an alternate embodiment, external conditions such as inline pressure warps the spherical cells into a network of oblong shape cells where pressurized air is used as part of the combustion process. In yet another embodiment, additional gas such as air is added via a second inlet to increase the proportion of oxidant to carburant as part of the mixture
Affected issue is very important and capacious, and the author plans to continue it in future articles devoted to homogenization of the fuel

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