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Fuel composition of a new generation, including bio-fuel compositions

2012-05-07
Andrew (Gabriel) Livshits

What makes the leading manufacturers of internal combustion engines (ICE) to improve the design of these engines?

First, there is growing "energy hunger" in the developed world. Second, all of stricter environmental requirements of internal combustion engines, and, thirdly, the need to improve the efficiency of the latter.

Even today in Western Europe are presented to the ICE Euro 4 environmental standards, but it is clear that even the construction of sophisticated engines have their limitations, for example, the release of hazardous substances into the atmosphere.

Ongoing work to create today, and electric cars powered by hydrogen fuel, unfortunately, far over on the car engine as the stock of progress and of power, and most importantly, for its value.

It is therefore evident that in the near future will not have to rely on the complete replacement of the engine. The argument of elektro – hydrogen and hydrogen engines are also on closer inspection looks very doubtful.

Electrical energy is absolute, environmentally friendly and clean. But no one today thinks that after two years of operation will need to dispose of the battery.

It is well known that such an alkaline battery with lead-zinc platinum couple of CO2 and NOX, or a pair of lead, alkalis, salts of cadmium.

Hydrogen engines are explosive, and their catalytic batteries must be recycled, too.

Obviously, the solution in the near future lies in finding an environmentally safe and cheap fuel for internal combustion engines.

Number of firms invited to solve this problem by applying the so-called biofuels (fuel from vegetable oils or a mixture of various hydrocarbons with bio- oil’s).

As shown by recent studies, the use of biofuels is a decrease in engine power and, moreover, is already active use of biofuels has increased the cost of food, and, further, may even undermine the food security of many countries at the expense of plowing fertile land for "biofuel" culture.

Of particular interest to use as a fuel for internal combustion engines nano-emulsions based on hydrocarbons (oils) and water.

As a result of long-term cooperation in the field of building equipment for the plant processes sono-himicheskih "RELTEK" (Russia) and the firm "NanoEm" (Israel) has developed a number of the original ultrasound equipment to implement new technologies in the field sono- chemistry .

Created a set of equipment for metal oxide nano-powders and get nano-emulsions, including fuel.
Studies have shown that the use of up to 20-30% water mixed with regular diesel fuel:

  • Twice the decrease of CO emissions of NOX and due to more complete combustion of fuel;
  • There is no "coking" of the engine due to the higher flash point fuel in the chamber;
  • Uses less fuel by 20-30% without reducing the load-carrying capacity of the engine;
  • No costly fuel additive;
  • No need to upgrade the engine under the use of water fuel mixture.

The latest joint development - a high emulsifier (sono-reaktor) for «ultra-fine» or nano-emulsion with droplet size from several tens to several hundreds of nanometers.

Recently, more and more inventors are included in the design and experimental verification capabilities and properties of bio - fuel compositions and characteristics of their use in modern thermodynamic systems

We offer our professionals a few inventions in this rapidly developing field of fuel technology and equipment for their complex implementation

Inventions are presented only as an example, in fact, interested may be offered a variety of options of applications based on these inventions, as the basic principles

United States Patent Application 20120102736
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. May 3, 2012
________________________________________
MICRO-INJECTOR AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLY AND MOUNTING THEREOF
Abstract
The invention relates to a compact device for producing a composite mixture made of two or more fluids, and for aerating and energizing the composite and injecting it into a volume, and more specifically a micro-fuel injector mixing water, air, or any other types of fluid before it is injected into a volume such as a combustion chamber of an engine made of stackable mechanical elements, and the method of assembly and mounting thereof.
________________________________________
Inventors: Livshits; David; (San Francisco, CA); Teichner; Lester; (Chicago, IL)
Assignee: TURBULENT ENERGY LLC
Lexington
MA
Serial No.: 294 806
Series Code: 13
Filed: November 11, 2011

United States Patent Application 20120103306
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. May 3, 2012
________________________________________

ENGINE WITH INTEGRATED MIXING TECHNOLOGY
Abstract
The present disclosure generally relates to an engine with an integrated mixing of fluids (gas or liquid) device and associated technology for improvement of the efficiency of the engine, and more specifically to an engine equipped with a fuel mixing device for improvement of the overall properties of the system with an engine by either inline oxygenation of the liquid or dynamic activation of a fuel with a secondary fluid such as water resulting in a change in property of the input fluid to help with burning ratios, cooling for improved combustion, or the use of re-circulation of exhaust from the engine to further improve engine efficiency and reduce / recycle unwanted emissions or combustion releases such as water.
________________________________________
Inventors: Livshits; David; (San Francisco, CA); Teichner; Lester; (Chicago, IL)
Assignee: Turbulent Energy LLC
Lexington
MA
Serial No.: 294 591
Series Code: 13
Filed: November 11, 2011

United States Patent Application 20120085428
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David; et al. April 12, 2012
________________________________________

EMULSION, APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC PREPARATION
Abstract
The invention relates to a fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a system for producing an aerated fluid composite therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners or combustion chambers and the like. The invention also relates to an emulsion, an apparatus for producing an emulsion, a system for producing an emulsion with the apparatus for producing the emulsion, a method for producing a dynamic preparation with the emulsion, and more specifically to a new type of a stable liquid / liquid emulsion in the field of colloidal chemistry, such as a water / fuel or fuel / fuel emulsion for all spheres of industry.
________________________________________
Inventors: Livshits; David; (San Francisco, CA); Teichner; Lester; (Chicago, IL)
Assignee: TURBULENT ENERGY LLC
Lexington
MA
Serial No.: 294 737
Series Code: 13
Filed: November 11, 2011

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