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Двигун внутрішнього згоряння з інтегрованою активної динамічної паливною системою (частина 1, гомогенізація паливної суміші перед уприскуванням)

2014-11-04
Давид Лівшиць

United States Patent 8,844,495
Livshits , et al. September 30, 2014
________________________________________
Engine with integrated mixing technology
Abstract
The present disclosure generally relates to an engine with an integrated mixing of fluids device and associated technology for improvement of the efficiency of the engine, and more specifically to an engine equipped with a fuel mixing device for improvement of the overall properties by inline oxygenation of the liquid, a change in property of the liquid such as cooling form improved combustion, or the use of re-circulation of exhaust from the engine to further improve engine efficiency and reduce unwanted emissions.
Что же позволило применить это изобретение в современном двигателе внутреннего сгорания ?
Вот краткое объяснение этого явления :

Основное качественное отличие процесса динамического смешивания и одновременно динамической гомогенизации смешиваемых компонентов смеси заключается , по сравнению с другими известными методами смешивания , в исключительно коротком , динамическом цикле времени , необходимого для полного смешивания и гомогенизации

Длительность указанного интегративного цикла составляет доли секунды

В полный цикл входят , - формирование геометрической трёхмерной капсулированной структуры смеси при одновременной объёмной гомогенизации смеси по уровню турбулентности

Эти операции осуществляются под давлением, в ограниченном объёме , изолированном от контакта с атмосферой

Все компоненты смеси подаются в зону смешивания и гомогенизации , в которой инициируется интеграция уровней кинетической энергии потоков компонентов смеси

Смесь , например . жидких компонентов топлива , представляет собой сложную объёмную структуру в которой компоненты с большей вязкостью обволакивают микрокапли компонентов с меньшей вязкостью

Этот фактор позволяет с помощью уникального устройства для динамического смешивания и динамической гомогенизации , эффективно смешивать :

  • жидкости с жидкостями
  • жидкости с сжатыми газами , включая формирование как вариант : сжимаемых жидкостей , аэрозолей и тяжёлых газов
  • жидкости органического происхождения с жидкостями неорганического происхождения , например дизельное топливо с водой с формированием микро и нано-эмульсий

Кинетическая энергия интегрированная из потоков компонентов в процессе динамического смешивания и гомогенизации аккумулируется и сохраняется в смеси длительное время , - по подтверждённым результатам экспериментальных тестов на период более 1 месяца , без изоляции от окружающей среды

Этот фактор делает возможным эффективный и предельно кратковременный процесс ре- блендинга или процесс ре-эмульсификации смесей или эмульсий , полученных по процессу динамического смешивания и одновременно динамической гомогенизации смешиваемых компонентов смеси

United States Patent 8,746,965
Livshits , et al. June 10, 2014
________________________________________
Method of dynamic mixing of fluids
Abstract
Methods are provided for achieving dynamic mixing of two or more fluid streams using a mixing device. The methods include providing at least two integrated concentric contours that are configured to simultaneously direct fluid flow and transform the kinetic energy level of the first and second fluid streams, and directing fluid flow through the at least two integrated concentric contours such that, in two adjacent contours, the first and second fluid streams are input in opposite directions. As a result, the physical effects acting on each stream of each contour are combined, increasing the kinetic energy of the mix and transforming the mix from a first kinetic energy level to a second kinetic energy level, where the second kinetic energy level is greater than the first kinetic energy level.

United States Patent 8,715,378
Livshits , et al. May 6, 2014
________________________________________
Fluid composite, device for producing thereof and system of use
Abstract
The current disclosure relates to a new fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a method of production therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners, where the fluid composite after a stage of intense molecular between a controlled flow of a liquid such as fuel and a faster flow of compressed highly directional gas such as air results in the creation of a three dimensional matrix of small hallow spheres each made of a layer of fuel around a volume of pressurized gas. In an alternate embodiment, external conditions such as inline pressure warps the spherical cells into a network of oblong shape cells where pressurized air is used as part of the combustion process. In yet another embodiment, additional gas such as air is added via a second inlet to increase the proportion of oxidant to carburant as part of the mixture.

United States Patent Application 20140286122
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David ; et al. September 25, 2014
________________________________________
METHOD OF DYNAMIC MIXING OF FLUIDS
Abstract
Methods are provided for achieving dynamic mixing of two or more fluid streams using a mixing device. The methods include providing at least two integrated concentric contours that are configured to simultaneously direct fluid flow and transform the kinetic energy level of the first and second fluid streams, and directing fluid flow through the at least two integrated concentric contours such that, in two adjacent contours, the first and second fluid streams are input in opposite directions. As a result, the physical effects acting on each stream of each contour are combined, increasing the kinetic energy of the mix and transforming the mix from a first kinetic energy level to a second kinetic energy level, where the second kinetic energy level is greater than the first kinetic energy level.

United States Patent Application 20140232021
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David ; et al. August 21, 2014
________________________________________
FLUID COMPOSITE, DEVICE FOR PRODUCING THEREOF AND SYSTEM OF USE
Abstract
The current disclosure relates to a new fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a method of production therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners, where the fluid composite after a stage of intense molecular between a controlled flow of a liquid such as fuel and a faster flow of compressed highly directional gas such as air results in the creation of a three dimensional matrix of small hallow spheres each made of a layer of fuel around a volume of pressurized gas. In an alternate embodiment, external conditions such as inline pressure warps the spherical cells into a network of oblong shape cells where pressurized air is used as part of the combustion process. In yet another embodiment, additional gas such as air is added via a second inlet to increase the proportion of oxidant to carburant as part of the mixture.

United States Patent Application 20120103306
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David ; et al. May 3, 2012
________________________________________
ENGINE WITH INTEGRATED MIXING TECHNOLOGY
Abstract
The present disclosure generally relates to an engine with an integrated mixing of fluids (gas or liquid) device and associated technology for improvement of the efficiency of the engine, and more specifically to an engine equipped with a fuel mixing device for improvement of the overall properties of the system with an engine by either inline oxygenation of the liquid or dynamic activation of a fuel with a secondary fluid such as water resulting in a change in property of the input fluid to help with burning ratios, cooling for improved combustion, or the use of re-circulation of exhaust from the engine to further improve engine efficiency and reduce/recycle unwanted emissions or combustion releases such as water.

Все указанные изобретения в одинаковой степени эффективности могут вести он-лайн смешивание практически всех видов жидкого углеводородного топлива
При испытаниях это подтвердилось как на блендах так и на эмульсиях , причём как показали результаты испытаний , - эмульсии полученные при помощи изобретённого метода оказались намного более эффективными чем эмульсии , полученные с применением различных химических реагентов

United States Patent Application 20120085428
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David ; et al. April 12, 2012
________________________________________
EMULSION, APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMIC PREPARATION
Abstract
The invention relates to a fluid composite, a device for producing the fluid composite, and a system for producing an aerated fluid composite therewith, and more specifically a fluid composite made of a fuel and its oxidant for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners or combustion chambers and the like. The invention also relates to an emulsion, an apparatus for producing an emulsion, a system for producing an emulsion with the apparatus for producing the emulsion, a method for producing a dynamic preparation with the emulsion, and more specifically to a new type of a stable liquid/liquid emulsion in the field of colloidal chemistry, such as a water/fuel or fuel/fuel emulsion for all spheres of industry.
________________________________________

United States Patent Application 20110126462
Kind Code A1
Livshits; David ; et al. June 2, 2011
________________________________________
Device for Producing a Gaseous Fuel Composite and System of Production Thereof
Abstract
The invention relates to a gaseous fuel composite, a device for producing the gaseous fuel composite, and subcomponents used as part of the device for producing the gaseous fuel composite, and more specifically, to a gaseous composite made of a gas fuel such as natural gas and its oxidant such as air for burning as part of different systems such as fuel burners, combustion chambers, and the like. The device includes several vortex generators each with a curved aerodynamic channel amplifier to create a stream of air to aerate the gas as successive stages using both upward and rotational kinetic energy. Further, a vortex generator may have an axial channel with a conical shape or use different curved channel amplifiers to further create the gaseous fuel composite.

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